Fields’ Diseases is one of the most uncommon diseases that have been known about till date. It only has had a total of two diagnosed cases in history. This disease was first diagnosed in the Welsh twins and was so rare that it was thereby named after them. Fields’ disease is known to be a neuromuscular disease which exhibits muscular degeneration. The disease here appears to be what you can say as to be progressive or forward in nature as every day the muscular degeneration increases only.
About the twins
The Welsh twins – Catherine and Kristie fields – were discovered to have the rarest disease in the world that has never been diagnosed before. They were diagnosed with this disease at age four. At age nine they started to have problems in walking and moving & at the mere age of eleven they have problems in writing, learning, eating or even smiling. When they turned 14, they showed failure in speaking as well. They are unable to speak till date. Now, the twins are 23 and are still suffering from this disease. They use a wheelchair in order for some form of mobilization and use voice boxes in order to communicate with other people.
The twins experience several constant & painful muscle spasms which are also said to be worsened by emotional distress at times. They are right as of now living with their parents with the supervision of doctors and workers as the doctors are still working on their case and looking forward to finding a cure. On an average, they receive 100 muscle spasms every day.
About the disease
Fields’ disease is known to be one of the rarest diseases in the world with having been diagnosed in just two cases till date. Hence, the probability of having this disease is 1 in 3.75 billion, approximately or maybe 1 in 7.5 billion, depending on the case. The basic and obvious symptom of this disease has to be its effect on the neurological system of the person which involuntarily leads to the deterioration of the muscles of the body. It also sometimes affects the nerves which involuntarily makes them have some movements such as the trembling in their hands.
The extent of this disease is still not very well known. This very disease has had not shown any effect on their brains or personalities as of until now. There is still the uncertainty of not knowing that whether the disease is fatal or not or what is the life expectancy with this kind of disease. If the cause of this disease is considered to be somewhat genetic, then there are possibilities of the twins passing this disease to their offspring’s.
However, it is made clear that this disease is definitely not communicable. However, due to the rarity of this disease, there is still uncertainty and lack of any form or equipment for the cure of this disease.
So, this was all you get to know about the fields’ disease as the doctors are still researching on it and have not been able to find much on it.
Rare diseases are a disease which does not affect the majority of people and is characterized by rare symptoms. There are various factors which make a disease rare or common. Place or region is one such factor to determine a disease as rare or common. A disease might be rare in a particular place but it might be common in another place. For instance, in northern Europe, thalassemia which is an anemia of genetic origin is a rare disease. Whereas it is quite frequent in the Mediterranean region. In France, the periodic disease is rare but it is quite common in Armenia.
How Many Rare Diseases Have Been Discovered?
There are various common diseases whose variants and components could be rare. Thousands of rare diseases have been discovered and are still being discovered. On an average, more than six thousand rare diseases have been discovered and regularly continue to be discovered. The exact number of a rare disease which is existing as of now also depends on the specifications which classify them as a rare disease. As per the medical field, a disease is characterized by a pattern of symptoms which are unique and alters the state of health of a person. But whether the pattern of symptoms is regarded as unique is completely based on the analysis.
The Symptoms Of Rare Diseases
The cause for many rare diseases still remains unknown. Almost every genetic disease is a rare disease but not all rare diseases are genetic diseases. There are rare forms of infectious diseases such as some rare cancers and auto-immune diseases which are considered as rare diseases. Many rare diseases are characterized by disorders and symptoms that keep changing from with every disease and even with every patient. Some symptoms can be left undetected and can delay the treatment. Often there is no cure for some of the rare diseases.
Rare diseases generally are progressive and chronic diseases as well as quite serious. There are various rare diseases whose signs and symptoms could have been observed from a very young age such as neurofibromatosis, Rett syndrome, osteogenesis etc. While over 50 percent of rare diseases is only observed during adulthood such as thyroid cancer, Crohn disease, Huntington disease etc.
If a disease in Europe affects 1 person out of every 2000 people, the disease is considered a rare disease. The number of people which a rare disease will effect cannot be specified. There are rare diseases which might affect only a few people in the European Union and some other rare disease might affect more than 200,000 people. On an average over 30 million people are in the EU are affected by at least one form of rare disease from the existing 6000 rare diseases. Almost 80 percent of rare diseases are of genetic origin while several others can result from viral or bacterial infections, environmental reasons, proliferative and degenerative. The children are affected by almost 50 percent of rare diseases.